There are two main species of coffee plants: Arabica and Robusta. Within these two coffee species, there are more than 60 varieties of coffees. Coffee is grown in over 50 countries around the world. Of these, 30 produce over 5 million tons of coffee per year. Most coffee comes into the United States through New Orleans, San Francisco, and New York. Hawaii is the only American state where coffee is actually grown.
Around the world, coffee is grown between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, where the humid and warm climate is ideal for growing coffee.
Arabica coffees account for 70% of the world's coffee production. Arabica coffee is considered to be a superior species of coffee, with a more delicate coffee flavor, having a slightly caramel aftertaste and a more refined coffee aroma. However, Arabica coffee plants are more delicate and harder to grow than Robusta coffee plants. Arabica coffees are mostly grown in the following regions of the world:
Robusta coffees account for about 30% of the world's coffee production. Robusta coffees have a higher caffeine content than Arabica coffees. Robusta coffees also have a stronger flavor than Arabica coffees, generally with a slightly woody aftertaste. Robusta coffee was first discovered growing naturally in Africa in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. Robusta coffee is mainly grown in the following regions of the world:
Another way that coffees are sometimes classified in marketing and distribution chains is according to their geographic origins used in a more generic sense. The four major "coffee types" that are sold according to this kind of classification are:
The biggest coffee producer is Brazil, although Vietnam recently took a large market position with large quantities of Robusta coffee. Coffee Mocha, grown in Yemen, is believed to be the first coffee used in a blend with Java coffee.
The well known Hawaiian Kona coffees and Jamaican Blue Mountain coffees are sometimes blended with other coffee beans to provide varieties at a lower price. The resulting blended coffees are often labeled "Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee," even though they may contain a only small amount of the prestigious Jamaican coffee.
...written by your friends at The Coffee Brewers